Doktora araştırma çalışmamla ilgili konuları devamlı taramaktayım. Rusça Vedomosti gazetesinde çıkan “Yönetilemeyen Bölge” başlığı altında çıkan makalede 2012 yılından bu yana oluşturulan “Doğuyu Kalkındırma Programı” üzerinde Rusya Hükümeti tartışma ve istişare yapmaktadır. Kurumları sıfırdan oluşturmak elbette ki kolay değildir. Oyun Kurallarının yeniden şekillenmesi belirli süre istemektedir. Makalenin linki: http://www.vedomosti.ru/finance/news/12739851/neupravlyaemyj_region
Atay Hoca’ma dediğim gibi, Rusya’nın Uzak Doğu bölgesi gelişmelerini izlemek- doktora tezi araştırmam için en güzel örnek olabilir.
Makalenin Google Translate üzerinden yapılan İngilizce tercümesi aşağıdadır:
At yesterday’s meeting with his deputy prime minister Dmitry Medvedev once again asked how things were going with the development of the Far East (the quotes on the site of the government). Back in late March, he said that while no institution of the region “does not work properly.” Until June 26 to report back to President Vladimir Putin, “as a general change management system the Far East,” said First Deputy Prime Minister Igor Shuvalov.
In the spring the government approved the State Program of Development of the Far East to the years 2014-2025. It value is 3,8 trillion rubles (122,6 billion USD). It is 14 times more than the estimates of long-term capacity of the federal budget, the finance minister said at the time, Anton Siluanov. Now comes the budget process, reported Shuvalov: “We will be offering 100 billion a year for that purpose within five years.” This is significantly less than that provided state program. For example, in 2014, according to the document on the region should be spent 308 billion rubles. Shuvalov spoke only on investment projects, explained the discrepancy between his representative.
“This program is very large, it even raises questions – how to take that kind of money,” – Medvedev asked.
Budget funding is not enough, he stated, to look for money in the investment program of major companies, to government funding “went hand in hand” with the private. To attract investors, the government offers tax exemptions regional recalled Shuvalov State Duma adopted in the first reading a bill on the special tax regime. The tax rate on profits paid to the federal budget, will be reset (total – 2%), in the regions – reduced: a maximum of 10% in the first five years of the project, then – at least 10% for the next five years.
According to Shuvalov, the law should be ready by the end of July. Approved and the list of priority investment projects in the region – a total of 38, mostly infrastructure, including regional road, airfield on the island of Iturup Kuril among energy – ESPO oil pipeline system, referred to socially significant aquarium on the island of Russian.
As long as the main tool for the implementation of investment projects in the region – a specialized “daughter” VEB – Fund Development of the Far East and the Baikal region. The fund was established in the form of a registered capital of 500 million rubles. At the end of 2012, it was capitalized up to 15 billion rubles. But the project requirements are too stringent – high yield, fast payback and dual collateral, complained to the Governor of the Amur Region Oleg Kozhemyako such units in the region. Since not all projects fit into the form of stock, there is a proposal to convert the Fund in a non-profit organization (ANO), said Shuvalov. This may be a new form – public-interest entity, Medvedev said: it is desirable that the authorities have developed a joint position.
The state program of the Far East development is inadequate. The Eastern Development Ministry (Minvostokrazvitiya) have sufficient authority and weight, but judging by it proposals such as a bridge to Sakhalin – it’s for the better, says the director of the regional program of the Independent Institute for Social Policy Natalia Zubarevich: the only effective way for the region – open access to foreign investors. The most interesting resource projects now, she says: For as long as other underdeveloped infrastructure. You need to debug procedures to enter into concession agreements and production sharing recommends Zubarevich. But such a decision for the government is ideologically unacceptable, she sighs.